TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol. It is a technology related term, Here you learn the full name and complete information of Transmission Control Protocol.
|Transmission Control Protocol
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Full Form of TCP
The full form of TCP is the Transmission Control Protocol. TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is a set of standardized rules that allow computers to communicate on a network such as the internet.
Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP is a commonly used standard for transmitting data over networks. In simple words, it is the suite of communication protocols which connect network devices on the internet or used to interconnect network devices on the internet.
It decides how the data will be exchanged over the internet through end-to-end communications that include how the data should be arranged into packets (bundles of information), addressed, sent, and received at the destination.
This communication protocol can also be used to interconnect network devices in a private network such an intranet or an extranet.
What Does TCP/IP Do
TCP/IP was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense to specify how computers transfer data from one device to another. TCP/IP puts a lot of emphasis on accuracy, and it has several steps to ensure that data is correctly transmitted between the two computers.
Here’s one way it does that. If the system were to send the whole message in one piece, and if it were to encounter a problem, the whole message would have to be re-sent. Instead, TCP/IP breaks each message into packets, and those packets are then reassembled on the other end. In fact, each packet could take a different route to the other computer, if the first route is unavailable or congested.
In addition, TCP/IP divides the different communications tasks into layers. Each layer has a different function. Data goes through four individual layers before it is received on the other end (as explained in the following section). TCP/IP then goes through these layers in reverse order to reassemble the data and to present it to the recipient.
The purpose of the layers is to keep things standardized, without numerous hardware and software vendors having to manage communication on their own.
It’s like driving a car: All the manufacturers agree on where the pedals are, so that’s something we can count on between cars. It also means that certain layers can be updated, such as to improve performance or security, without having to upgrade the entire thing.
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